The Poverty Problem: Facts & Issues


How does health impact poverty? Does a lack of education cause poverty, or does poverty create a lack of access to education? And can poor health impact education, too? It gets complicated. Cause and effect can be difficult to pin down. In reality, all of these challenges are intertwined.

Poverty map.
A Poverty Map is a spatial representation of poverty indicators in disaggregated geographical regions.  It gives an overview of the disparities that exist in poverty level within a country.
The Statistics Mauritius has produced, with technical support from World Bank, two Poverty Maps one for 2001/02 and another one for 2006/07.  The maps depict the poverty rate in each of the 145 administrative regions (20 Municipal Wards – MWs, 124 Village Council Areas – VCAs and Island of Rodrigues) of the country.

Table on poverty-related indicators.
Gini coefficient by Municipal Ward and Village Council Area, 2006/07
Municipal Ward and Village Council Area (MVCA) Rank in ascending order of poverty rate Poverty rate (%) Standard Error
(Poverty rate)
Gini coefficient Standard Error
(Gini coefficient)
Town of Q. Bornes – Ward 2 1 2.0 0.9 0.322 0.014
Town of Q. Bornes – Ward 1 2 2.6 1.1 0.312 0.013
Town of B.B/R.Hill – Ward 4 3 2.6 1.1 0.315 0.012
Town of Vac./Phoenix – Ward 3 4 2.7 1.1 0.300 0.011
Amitié VCA a 5 3.1 1.5 0.242 0.013
Flic en Flac VCA a 6 3.2 1.8 0.313 0.023
Town of Curepipe – Ward 2 7 3.3 1.3 0.315 0.013
Town of Curepipe – Ward 3 8 3.5 1.4 0.302 0.012
Town of B.B/R.Hill – Ward 2 9 3.8 1.4 0.318 0.013
Poudre d’Or Hamlet VCA 10 4.0 1.5 0.259 0.014
Camp Thorel VCA 11 4.0 1.6 0.259 0.013
Town of B.B/R.Hill – Ward 3 12 4.1 1.4 0.360 0.018
Town of Vac./Phoenix – Ward 2 13 4.2 1.4 0.296 0.012
Town of Vac./Phoenix – Ward 4 14 4.2 1.6 0.293 0.011
Town of Curepipe – Ward 1 15 4.3 1.5 0.309 0.011
Moka VCA 16 4.4 1.6 0.294 0.013
Piton VCA 17 4.6 1.4 0.264 0.011
Town of Vac./Phoenix – Ward 1 18 4.7 1.6 0.287 0.010
L’Avenir VCA 19 4.9 1.7 0.276 0.014
Town of Q. Bornes – Ward 3 20 4.9 1.5 0.284 0.010
Union Park VCA 21 5.1 1.6 0.267 0.011
Belle Vue Maurel VCA 22 5.2 1.9 0.252 0.012
Cottage VCA 23 5.6 1.9 0.241 0.011
Bananes VCA 24 5.7 2.7 0.231 0.019
Roche Terre VCA 25 5.8 2.0 0.254 0.012
Dagotière VCA 26 5.8 1.7 0.258 0.011
Espérance Trébuchet VCA 27 5.9 1.8 0.268 0.014
Petit Raffray VCA 28 6.0 1.8 0.259 0.011
New Grove VCA 29 6.0 1.8 0.273 0.010
St. Pierre VCA 30 6.0 1.7 0.277 0.010
Camp Ithier VCA 31 6.1 1.8 0.265 0.012
Town of B.B/R.Hill – Ward 1 32 6.1 1.8 0.280 0.011
Médine Camp de Masque VCA 33 6.2 1.9 0.263 0.011
Midlands VCA 34 6.3 1.9 0.278 0.012
Long Mountain VCA 35 6.3 1.7 0.289 0.010
Grand Gaube VCA 36 6.3 2.0 0.269 0.015
Souillac VCA 37 6.4 2.2 0.255 0.012
Ripailles VCA 38 6.5 2.0 0.274 0.013
Rivière des Anguilles VCA 39 6.5 2.0 0.251 0.010
Triolet VCA 40 6.6 1.8 0.275 0.009
Rivière du Rempart VCA 41 6.6 1.8 0.260 0.011
Plaines des Roches VCA 42 6.7 2.1 0.253 0.011
Goodlands VCA 43 6.7 1.8 0.260 0.011
Grand Baie VCA 44 6.7 2.0 0.315 0.017
St. Julien d’Hotman VCA 45 6.9 2.1 0.264 0.012
Espérance VCA 46 6.9 2.2 0.257 0.015
Town of Port Louis – Ward 1 47 7.0 1.7 0.267 0.008
Morcellement St. André VCA 48 7.2 1.8 0.278 0.011
Verdun VCA 49 7.2 2.3 0.273 0.014
La Gaulette VCA 50 7.2 2.3 0.245 0.014
Fond du Sac VCA 51 7.5 2.0 0.268 0.010
Melrose VCA 52 7.6 2.4 0.247 0.013
Mahébourg VCA 53 7.6 2.0 0.283 0.011
Crève Coeur VCA 54 7.6 2.1 0.281 0.013
Rose Belle VCA 55 7.6 1.8 0.278 0.009
Bon Accueil VCA 56 7.6 2.0 0.267 0.011
Baie du Tombeau VCA 57 7.7 1.9 0.331 0.017
St. Aubin VCA 58 7.7 2.9 0.236 0.014
Amaury VCA 59 7.8 2.4 0.244 0.012
Town of Port Louis – Ward 4 60 7.8 2.1 0.280 0.011
Central Flacq VCA 61 7.8 2.0 0.282 0.009
Villebague VCA 62 7.9 2.4 0.264 0.013
Tamarin VCA 63 8.1 2.1 0.360 0.019
Calebasses VCA 64 8.1 1.9 0.282 0.012
Mare d’Albert VCA 65 8.2 2.1 0.260 0.011
Chamouny VCA 66 8.2 2.3 0.247 0.012
Plaine des Papayes VCA 67 8.2 2.3 0.268 0.010
St. Julien (Haut de Flacq) VCA 68 8.5 2.5 0.257 0.012
Ecroignard VCA 69 8.6 2.4 0.268 0.012
Nouvelle France VCA 70 8.7 2.3 0.267 0.011
Lalmatie VCA 71 8.9 1.9 0.281 0.010
The Vale VCA 72 8.9 2.3 0.238 0.012
Britannia VCA 73 8.9 3.1 0.231 0.014
Camp Diable VCA 74 9.0 2.6 0.255 0.013
Queen Victoria VCA 75 9.1 2.4 0.252 0.013
Montagne Blanche VCA 76 9.1 2.2 0.271 0.010
Le Hochet VCA 77 9.3 2.2 0.289 0.012
D’Epinay VCA 78 9.3 2.2 0.267 0.011
Laventure VCA 79 9.6 2.2 0.275 0.010
Town of Port Louis – Ward 2 80 9.6 2.3 0.301 0.010
Pamplemousses VCA 81 9.8 2.1 0.284 0.012
Mare Tabac VCA 82 9.9 2.6 0.265 0.013
Grand Bel Air VCA 83 9.9 3.1 0.245 0.015
Chemin Grenier VCA 84 9.9 2.3 0.261 0.010
Grande Rivière Noire VCA 85 10.0 2.9 0.303 0.017
Rivière du Poste VCA 86 10.0 2.6 0.245 0.013
Roches Noires VCA 87 10.0 2.7 0.242 0.011
Cap Malheureux VCA 88 10.0 2.6 0.309 0.018
Albion VCA 89 10.3 2.3 0.379 0.019
Surinam VCA 90 10.3 2.5 0.264 0.009
Richelieu VCA 91 10.3 2.8 0.220 0.010
Camp de Masque Pavé VCA 92 10.3 2.3 0.274 0.012
Brisée Verdière VCA 93 10.4 2.5 0.277 0.011
Poudre d’Or VCA 94 10.4 2.7 0.237 0.026
Pailles VCA 95 11.0 2.5 0.277 0.013
Bambous VCA 96 11.0 2.7 0.234 0.011
L’Escalier VCA 97 11.3 2.6 0.262 0.010
Quartier Militaire VCA 98 11.3 2.5 0.284 0.011
Grand Bois VCA 99 11.3 2.7 0.248 0.011
Case Noyale VCA 100 11.5 3.8 0.214 0.015
Plaine Magnien VCA 101 11.7 2.5 0.265 0.011
Notre Dame VCA 102 11.7 2.6 0.275 0.013
Providence VCA 103 11.7 2.5 0.276 0.012
Petit Bel Air VCA 104 11.8 3.3 0.250 0.016
Benarès VCA 105 11.8 3.2 0.239 0.019
Congomah VCA 106 12.0 2.8 0.272 0.014
Petite Rivière VCA 107 12.0 3.1 0.238 0.010
Cluny VCA 108 12.1 3.0 0.242 0.013
Camp de Masque VCA 109 12.1 2.8 0.285 0.013
Bois Chéri VCA 110 12.2 3.1 0.240 0.012
Town of Port Louis – Ward 3 111 12.3 2.6 0.309 0.012
Terre Rouge VCA 112 12.3 2.8 0.295 0.016
La Laura – Malenga VCA 113 12.6 3.0 0.272 0.017
Cascavelle VCA 114 12.6 3.0 0.232 0.012
Pointe aux Piments VCA 115 12.7 2.9 0.289 0.016
Rivière des Créoles VCA 116 12.8 2.8 0.251 0.012
Town of Port Louis – Ward 6 117 13.0 2.7 0.276 0.011
Trou d’Eau Douce VCA 118 13.2 2.8 0.260 0.012
Grand River South East VCA 119 13.3 3.2 0.245 0.015
Sébastopol VCA 120 13.3 2.8 0.261 0.011
Mapou VCA 121 13.4 3.3 0.280 0.018
Bel Air Rivière Sèche VCA 122 13.5 3.1 0.258 0.009
Trois Boutiques VCA 123 13.6 3.1 0.263 0.010
Beau Vallon VCA 124 13.7 2.8 0.312 0.018
Town of Port Louis – Ward 5 125 14.1 3.0 0.281 0.009
Old Grand Port VCA 126 14.3 3.1 0.257 0.012
Baie du Cap VCA 127 14.5 3.4 0.252 0.014
Olivia VCA 128 14.5 3.2 0.249 0.011
Arsenal VCA 129 14.7 3.1 0.268 0.015
Dubreuil VCA 130 15.4 3.6 0.243 0.012
Mare La Chaux VCA 131 15.6 3.3 0.288 0.014
Chamarel VCA 132 15.8 4.7 0.236 0.022
Bel Ombre VCA 133 16.9 3.8 0.235 0.013
Gros Caillou VCA 134 16.9 3.5 0.228 0.012
Poste de Flacq VCA 135 17.3 3.3 0.265 0.011
Mare Chicose VCA 136 17.6 4.9 0.245 0.020
Quatre Soeurs VCA 137 17.7 3.9 0.266 0.012
St. Hubert VCA 138 18.0 3.3 0.261 0.012
Quatre Cocos VCA 139 18.3 3.6 0.259 0.011
Clémencia VCA 140 19.1 3.7 0.262 0.014
Bois des Amourettes VCA 141 20.1 3.8 0.263 0.015
Grand Sable VCA 142 21.1 4.1 0.259 0.014
Le Morne VCA 143 24.4 4.4 0.275 0.022
Bambous Virieux VCA 144 25.2 5.5 0.241 0.016
Rodrigues Island 145 32.4 8.1 0.354 0.027
a – Poverty rates for these regions should be interpreted with caution due to their high relative standard errors.

Download the full report of Poverty Indicators in Mauritius here.