GOOD GOVERNANCE. New term in Africa but yet a myriad of definitions have been out. While the Oxford University defines it as ‘the action of style governing something’, the World Bank in a report defines it as ‘the manner in which power is exercised in the management of a country’s economic and social resources for development.’
I believe good governance starts at oneself. Firstly let’s conserve qualities like honesty, integrity, accountability which are important in the functioning of the public and private sector. Secondly, as we empower ourselves with knowledge about good governance, we must pass on the knowledge to the young people outside such that they develop good qualities and adopt good governance in their daily life. Thus, education forms part and parcel of good governance programme. We need to walk the talk, don’t wait others to do something, think about what I can do to contribute in my country.
Participation by both men and women is primordial for good governance. We should without doubt train more women to help in decision making and also,not reduce them to inferior as men.In the aim to emancipate women, we must not create low jobs such as entrepreneurship of artisanals only but instead allow them to have the skills to be a good citizen,to be one of the white-collar job employee.Equality between genders will allow to reach a Good Governance.
Good governance requires a fair legal framework. It also requires full protection of human rights.An important issue to witness by Mauritians whereby the Minister of Good Governance has put forward that whoever is not able to prove his property of 7 years old ,his property may be seized.This act is to be voted by the Assembly. I am neutral on this issue but still, if It’s a good governance issue which is to help our people, why so many questions are arising? This act should be made more explicit such that some people do not believe that our system (Mauritian) is violating human rights and that it is a fair one.Moreover, the Assembly will vote , not the whole population.It is more the decision of ministries(voice of voters but not the each individual) who will be applied rather than the decision of the population. Did we not learn about ‘VOX POPULI’?
Transparency? Transparency is much needed to settle good governance in a country. This would mean that decisions taken and their enforcement must be done following rules and regulations. It also means that information is freely available and readily made at the disposal of those who will be affected by such decisions. It also means that enough information is provided and that it is given well presented by the array of media available. Good governance requires that institutions need to serve all stakeholders within a reasonable time-frame.
Effectiveness and efficiency of Good governance means that resources of the people are used efficiently. The concept of efficiency would also mean good use of natural resources and the protection of the environment. Accountability is very much important in good governance. Governmental institutions, the private sector and civil society organizations must be accountable to the public and to their institutional stakeholders.
It is crystal clear that good governance is an ideal which is difficult to achieve .It is to be noted that few countries and societies have come close to achieving good governance .However, to ensure human development, actions must be taken to work towards Good governance which may give us a beautiful era.